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As the seasons getting hotter. The oil secretion on the face has started to increase. Acne appears on the face more often. Acne is a problem that almost everyone will face. There are many reasons for it, and the most critical reason is that the oil is blocked, and the old waste keratin on the surface is poorly metabolized and thickened, and the pore channels are blocked.

To put it in simple term, it is like the garbage in the house, which is not disposed of often because of laziness. In the end, there are mountains of garbage piles at the door of the house, which not only makes it inconvenient to enter and exit, but also makes the whole environment of the house messy, attracting more bacteria, cockroaches and mice. When every bag of rubbish stinks, your whole house stinks, it's like the skin condition after an acne traffic jam! That's why you can't finish it by just squeezing, and there are still things lining up behind. When you've squeezed all of them, your skin is already scarred, and new acne will appear immediately.

The problem of large pores is a problem for many, many people. After all, it most often appears on the T-shaped part of the face, and it must be the focus. It is difficult to not notice it. Therefore, large pores have always been a problem that everyone is eager to solve.  Almost every day people visit the clinic to inquire about the incurable diseases related to pores.


#Pore function

Do you still remember when you were born? Well I know you don't remember and neither do I XD

Even if you don't remember what you were like when you were born, you should have seen a new baby, right? Except for some fine lanugo, there are no flaws on the face. You haven't seen a baby born with large pores, right? Larger pores are almost always an acquired change. Then do you remember when you left the angelic face and entered the tragic days of the pore people? Almost everyone starts at puberty, the age when your bad sebaceous glands start to secrete.

This is a schematic diagram of the cut surface anatomy of the skin.

The pores are the outlet of the hair, and in addition to the hair follicle mother cells, there are also epidermal cells underneath. Epidermal cells secrete keratin, which accumulates near the pores to form a stratum corneum. There are sebaceous glands next to the hair follicles, which are supported by collagen and elastin, and keratinocytes of the skin near the opening of the pores. In addition to allowing hair to stick out of the head, pores are also the outlet for the secretion of oil and keratin.

You have a hole in your skin, and that hole is a pore. There is something underneath that grows hair, the hair follicle. Next to the hair follicle is the oily sebaceous gland. The epidermal cells in the hair follicle secrete keratin. There needs to be some defense mechanism near the hole, so the oil and keratin secreted are like the roof is sealed with wooden boards and a layer of wax, mainly as a protective mechanism near the hole. Otherwise, your lonely little pores will have no one to protect it from the scorching sun or the cold wind.


If there is too much sebum secretion, or if the metabolism of keratin is not normal, it will happen. Sebum, skin metabolites, keratin, and foreign dirt that clog pores are called "acne". The pores that have not been covered by keratin are called open acne, which can be divided into "blackheads" and "whiteheads". It is understood that "blackheads" are "whiteheads" after oxidation. Conversely, what has been covered by horny acne is closed acne. Inflamed and infected pimples are the legendary "pimples".

Should you clear acne?

Acne and keratin are actually metabolites, which the body will naturally clear under normal conditions. If it accumulates, it can be removed by itself in moderation.

The principle is, use a mild facial cleanser or water to remove excess oil and dirt.

Acids can sometimes be used to exfoliate, but be careful with sensitive skin.

Acne can be removed occasionally, but not too often.





#Ampoule.  In recent years, we have often heard this name when it comes to skin care. 

Especially when used in bridal makeup, many new bridal secretaries will use ampoules to help brides before makeup. So what is an ampoule?  We believe that most of the people have heard, touched, and even used ampoules. But a lot of people can't tell what is the difference between an ampoule and a serum.


#What is an ampoule (ampoule/amp) 

Small glass bottles are used for taking sterile medicines, with a capacity of about 1-25ml. 

In the early days, it was used to take blood samples from the deceased and to bury them with them. (OMG) 

Modern ampoules are basically filled with high-concentration essences and stored in a sealed way. The most widely used on bridal makeup, mostly high-concentration serums. It can achieve the effect of skin care in a very short period of time.

 Ampoules are different from other basic skin care products, and are also different from essences. The concentration and activity of ampoules are higher than those of essences. They are usually used for short-term first aid recovery and must be used up as soon as possible after opening, but as far as the order of use is concerned, it can be thought of as the same as the essence. After the lotion and the ampoule, you need to apply a cream or lotion to seal the nutrients.

Gradually, many big brands have launched their own ampoule skin care products, which can be used by ordinary people on weekdays. Unlike the ampoule used by bridal secretaries, the daily maintenance essence is put into the ampoule, so that the daily skin care products can be used. They are all fresh and sterile, and they are easy to carry. So, what are the benefits of sealing skin care products in ampoules?


*High concentration formula can feel the effect immediately

In the process of sealing the skin care products into the ampoules, there will be a compression process. Through the compression step, the ingredients can be highly concentrated. Therefore, it will be better than ordinary skin care products.


* Ability to focus on focused repairs

Because of the high concentration of ingredients in the ampoule, you can focus on the areas you care about. On the contrary, the bottled skin care products will not be used on the whole face in large quantities like ordinary skin care products.


*Able to directly give the ingredients that the skin needs

Because the ampoule is highly concentrated and sealed in a small amount of ingredients, you can choose the ingredients you need and use them directly to nourish your skin.


Now all major brands have launched their own ampoule skin care products series one after another. There are no less than 10 kinds of ampoules in our own skin care products alone. In this market full of ampoule skin care advertisements, what is the difference between ampoules and general skin care products? When is a good time to use ampoules? I believe some people may not be clear.


#When to use ampoules and the cycle of use

Due to the high concentration and activity of ampoules, short-term "first aid maintenance" is generally recommended. It is not recommended as a long-term daily maintenance procedure. Just like if you eat a big meal every day and your stomach is easy to feel uncomfortable, it is recommended to be sensitive or need first aid maintenance during the changing seasons. When it is used, it is limited to a maximum of one month, or a week of intensive maintenance is good, so as to avoid causing excessive burden on the skin. After use, return to normal skin care and maintenance steps with normal skin care products. 


#How to use ampoules

*Clean hands

Not only when applying ampoules, but before washing your face or removing makeup, it is important to keep your hands clean.

*Clean your face with facial cleanser or room temperature water

Before using ampoules for skin care, clean your face with a facial cleanser or water. Be sure to choose a facial cleanser that suits your skin type. Many people share facial cleansers with their families, but it is very likely that the products they are using are actually not suitable for you. People with dry skin should be careful to avoid cleaning products that over-cleanse the sebum on the face. On the contrary, people with oily skin need to choose products that can moderately remove sebum from the face, but can keep the skin moist. If you feel the skin on your face is tight after washing your face, you can determine that you are using a face wash product with strong cleaning power. If you use a product with strong cleaning power for a long time, it will lead to a decrease in the self-conditioning function of the skin. It is recommended to use more natural ingredients. gentle cleansing products. After cleaning your face with face wash, remember to gently rinse with room temperature water, and be careful to avoid using hot water to wash your face. Some people think that washing your face with hot water is cleaner, but in fact, washing your face with hot water will excessively remove sebum from your face, which can easily lead to rough skin.

*Apply several times to the face

After washing your face, use a lotion to replenish the skin on your face, and then use an ampoule with a highly concentrated essence for maintenance. The ampoule is sealed with a high concentration of essence, so it will not be applied to the face in large quantities like a lotion. You only need to use one or two drops for the areas you are more concerned about.

* Gently push open to allow skin to absorb

After applying an appropriate amount of the essence of the ampoule on the skin, please extend it gently to allow the essence to penetrate. The most important thing is to avoid pushing and rubbing too hard, not only when using the ampoule, but also when using any skin care products. Rubbing it will damage the skin.


Things you need to know about your pores

Things you need to know about your pores

Everyone thinks they have a pore problem, including beauties who already have smooth and silky skin and often come to the clinic complaining about their large pores.

Before you want to improve the condition of your pores, please identify which type of pores you have and check out what skin type you are:

  1. The skin is not very oily and not prone to breakouts. But this kind of girl (and now more and more boys are like this) sticks to the mirror and spends two hours a day looking at the pores on both sides of the nose. I call this kind of people "make a fuss about nothing" because their skin is normal, but they look too close to the mirror and see pores that shouldn't be seen at such a distance!
  1. The skin is typically oily and acne-prone, usually accompanied by acne scars that are not necessarily serious. This is the real large pores. It is also accompanied by different degrees of chronic damage to the skin caused by excessive oil production for a long time. I would recommend treatment for this skin type. The normal pores of human beings are visible to the naked eye. If you are not close to a mirror or observe with a magnifying glass, you cannot see the pores. But when the pore radius is 250 - 500 µm, the pore area reaches 0.05 - 0.2 m2, which can be easily observed by the naked eye. Pores are usually accompanied by sebaceous glands or sweat glands, because these glands have an outlet on the surface of the skin to drain fluids. Skin with really large pores can look like an orange peel, or even a golf ball, with evenly distributed holes. There are three reasons for these enlarged pores: The reasons revolve around "chronic inflammation".

*Related to the severity of acne inflammation. If you have acne on your face for a long time, chronic and inflamed inflammation of varying severity will cause many small scars to form slowly. Sometimes pores and small acne scars are indistinguishable.

* High oil output. Although sebum is a natural moisturizing lotion, it can also cause chronic inflammation of the skin, which in turn destroys the structure of the dermis. So sebaceous glands are really evil! (Although it saves a lot of money on moisturizing lotions, it costs more to take care of the skin...)

* Decreased elasticity of the skin, accompanied by long-term loss of the skin's dermal matrix due to chronic inflammation. These can cause the pores to be deformed, which are otherwise small and invisible.

How to treat?

Okay, let’s talk about these beauties who “make a fuss about nothing “ and already have smoothy and silky skins and would rather die than have large pores.

You can try injecting some nutrients into the skin, this is the Skin Booster you often hear on the market. Some suggest to use hyaluronic acid and botox to inject into the pores, the shallower the better the effect.

Because the support needed by the pores can be improved to a certain extent by external supply. Of course, both Botox and hyaluronic acid have a certain degree of timelines, and the injection also requires a full number of injections. So trying to be flowless really needs to pay a certain price. There are three reasons for large pores. Treatment can be tailored according to the cause.

  1. Destruction of pore openings: The reason for this is that excessive sebum secretion leads to chronic inflammation of the skin, which becomes hardened pores over time. Such tissues can be treated with lasers, such as: Erbium, UP laser, picosecond laser, Fraxel laser, Infini (microneedle wave) and so on.
  1. Excessive oil secretion: Chronic inflammation is the main cause of enlarged pores, so the first step is to control oil secretion. Oral retinoid acid is the most immediate and effective. It is recommended that patients with enlarged pores can use a course of treatment and then stop taking it. Patients who cannot use oral retinoid acid can use Botox injections to achieve temporary results.
  1. Loss and destruction of the dermis: This is related to both skin aging and chronic inflammation. In addition to lasers, foreign hyaluronic acid injections can also be of great help.

Therefore, the treatment of pores requires multi-directional treatment, and it is unlikely that a Fraxel laser can achieve satisfactory results.

Plus, no treatment is permanent! Please do not ask your doctor to give you a once and for all treatment. No means no! If you want beautiful skin, you must take care of him every day and give him nutrients, so that it can show the most beautiful state.